U.S. Air Service





Nieuport 83 (18M) Shown

Development and Operation

The Nieuport 81 (Nieuport 23M) was the second in a series of two-seat trainers based on earlier Nieuport designs. It appears to be closely based on the Nieuport 12, although its wing area was one square meter larger. The aircraft had two separate cockpits with dual controls. The 110 hp Clerget engine was replaced by an 80 hp Le Rhône, which may explain the `80' series designation The A.E.F. Air Service purchased 173 Nieuport 81s.

The Nieuport 83 (Nieuport 18M) was the last in the line of two-seat trainers powered by the 80 hp Le Rhône engine. It had dimensions nearly identical to the Nieuport 80 and was probably a rebuilt Nieuport 10. The aircraft featured a communal cockpit of the Nieuports 10 and 82. The A.E.F. Air Service purchased 244 examples of the Nieuport 83 E2. The syllabus called for the student to graduate from the Nieuport 80 or 81 primary trainer to the Nieuport 83 E2.


Aircraft and Flight Characteristics
The Nieuport 81 (Nieuport 23M)


9.05 m


7.14 m

Wing Area

23 sq. m

Empty Weight

490 kg

Loaded Weight

760 kg

Maximum Speed

130 km/hr.

Climb to 2000 m

19 minutes


260 km


Aircraft and Flight Characteristics
The Nieuport 83 (Nieuport 18M)


7.90 m


7.0 m


2.70 m

Wing area

18 sq. m

Empty Weight

450 kg

Loaded Weight

700 kg

Maximum Speed

140 km/hr.

Climb to 2,000 m

26 minutes


1. Microfilm Publication M990, Roll 36, Series J, Vol.9, "
The 3rd Aviation Instruction center, Issodun, France," frames 129-135.
(Gorrell History)

2. Davilla, Dr. James J. and Arthur Soltan
French Aircraft of the First World War

3. Bingham, Hiram
An Explorer in the Air,
Yale University Press

4. Photo from the author's collection.

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